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Tourism in Goa

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Contents




Objectives

  • List out different tourist spots of Goa.
  • List specific features of tourist spots.

Introduction

Welcome to Goa Tourism variously known as "Pearl of the orient and a Tourist Paradise",the state of Goa is located on the western coast of India in the coastal belt known as Konkan.Magnificent scenic beauty and the architectural splendour of its temples,churches and old houses.

  • To point out different tourist spots in interior area in Goa have a look on this tourist map of Goa.
File:Goa-tourist-map.gif
Goa Tourist Map source:google map


As you know that our Goa represents many religions like hindu, muslim, christian like on, with regard to that we designed here main ancient monumument names and also highlighted the specific spots of Goa.So at a glance view mind map


Goa.mm

Flash plugin or Javascript are turned off. Activate both and reload to view the mindmap


  • To know the interior areas of Goa and specific tourist spots go through this video clip.

Religious places

Temples

A Goan temple is called as Deul ( देवूळ ) or a Sausthan( संस्थान ) in Konkani. The temple used to be the centre of the village or city, and all the other social, cultural and economic gatherings in Goa. This Institute was called as Gramasanstha ( ग्रामसंस्था ) in Konkani or Communidades in Portuguese.

A temple in Goa always used to be the centre of the village ( and still it continues to be), the lives of people were related to temples and its festivals. The village property of divided amongst the villagers according to some rules.The patrons of the temple were and are still called as Mahajana and are mostly from Brahmin communities and few from Kshatriya community. This Mahajani system used to look after all the temple chores

  • To know the various types of temples and their short information go through this PPT.

project-nww.ppt


  • To have more look of temples view this video.

Dieties

Goan temples are strictly devoted to the worship of Panchyatan devised by Adi Shankara. The following sholka says :

आदित्यं गणनाथंच देविम् रुद्रं च केशवं | पंच देवताम् इत्युक्तं सर्ववर्मसु पुजयेत् ||

The following deities constitute a Panchayatana:

Devi ( e.g. Shantadurga, Bhagavati , Navadurga, Mahalakshmi, etc. ) Rudra or Ishwara ( e.g. Nagesh,Shivnath ) Gananatha ( e.g. Mahaganapati ) Keshava ( e.g. Lakshmi Narayana ) Aaditya ( e.g. Surya Narayana )

In addition to these deities following deities are also worshipped.

Kulpurush - Family Ancestor Ravalnath Bhutnath Gram Purush Kshetrapal


Activity:

1.Name any two ancient temples of Goa.

Churches

There are a number of churches in Goa built by the Portuguese. Many magnificent churches were built by them in Old Goa which is well known for its churches. The Old Goa churches remind of its former glory that once rivaled that of Rome. It was known to the world as 'Golden Goa' or 'Pearl of the Orient' in 16th and 17th centuries in its glory days. Some of the churches at Old Goa are:-



Se Cathedral Church in Goa


The Portuguese Viceroy Redondo commissioned the Se, or St. Catherine's' Cathedral, southwest of St. Cajetan's, to be "a grandiose church worthy of the wealth, power and fame of the Portuguese who dominated the seas from the Atlantic to the Pacific". Today it stands larger than any church in Portugal, although it was beset by problems, not least a lack of funds and Portugal's temporary loss of independence to Spain. It took eighty years to build and was not consecrated until 1640.

Church of St. Francis of Assisi Goa Church of St. Francis of Assisi, Old Goa: Adjacent to the Cathedral is this church. Built in the 17th Century, a beautiful octagonal tabernacle ornately decorated has two statues, one of St Francis of Assisi and the other of Jesus on the cross. Vows of poverty, humility and obedience of St. Francis of Assisi are scripted right below these two statues.


Basilica Of BomJesus, Old Goa



The Basilica of Bom Jesus is the most august and famous of all the churches in Old Goa. It contains the relics of St. Francis Xavier, Patron saint of Goa, Apostle of the Indies. He was known as Goencho Saib by most of the people of Goa. The construction of the church began on the 24th November 1594 AD from the funds bequeathed for this purpose by Dom Jeronimos Mascarenhas. It was blessed by the Archbishop Dom Fr Aleixo de Menezes on the15th May1605 AD. It became the first church in India to be elevated to the status of a minor basilica in 1946. The relics of St Francis Xavier were kept in this chapel from 1623-55 AD. The Blessed Sacrament was earlier kept on the main altar under the statue of St Ignatius and now is preserved in a gold tabernacle.

Mosque

Safa Shahouri Masjid (Ponda)

This is the biggest and oldest mosque in Goa. The two major festivals, ID-UL-Fitr and Id-Ul-Zuha are celebrated at this mosque with great pomp and are attended by large number of people.

Safa mosque source:google









Jama Masjid (Sanquem) This mosque is located about 26kms from margao at sanquem. This was renovated in 1959. The structure is simple and has four minarets at its entrance, flanked by two towers surmounted by pillared kiosks.A dome arises in the center.

*Activity

  • Name the oldest mosque of Goa.



Beaches and Lakes

1. Colva Beach:

Colva baech

Colva is the oldest, largest and the most spectacular of south Goa beaches. It lies about 6 Kms to the west of Margao. The beach consists of about 25kms of the finest powder white sand and is lined along its shore by coconut palms extending to Bogmalo in the north and Cabo de Rama in the south along south Goa's coastline. In the colonial days it used to be the retreat for Margao's high society, who would come to Colva for their "Mundanca" or change of air. Today the area that is reminiscent of this age are the beautiful houses or villas that dot the village.

Today's Colva is slowly undergoing commercialization at a feverish pitch "a la" Calangute.


2. Calangute Beach:

Calangute Beach


Calangute (Konkani: कळंगुट/Kohlongutt, pronounced [kɔɭoŋɡuʈ]) is a census town with a permanent population of approximately 16,000 (2001) in North Goa, in the state of Goa, India. It is famous for its beach, the largest in north Goa, visited by thousands of domestic and international tourists alike. The peak tourist season is during Christmas and New Year, and during the summer in May. During the monsoon season, from June through September, the sea can be rough and swimming is prohibited.





Activity

  • Name any four famous beaches of Goa.

________

________

________

________


Mayem Lake:

Mayem Lake

Mayem Lake in Goa, a charming tiny lake is situated at Mayem near Bicholim, in Bicholim taluka, North Goa. It lies at about 35kms from the city of Panaji. It is quite a popular picnic spot as well as a hot favorite visiting arena for the tourists. Fame of the lake has eventually increased with the introduction of the boating facilities at the lake. For lodging purposes GTDC has built cottages in the area.

What else to do:

Scenic Surroundings and Boating are the key tourist attractions of the place.

This non-natural lake is bounded by undulating emerald hills. Even those who are interested in experiencing a bit of the rural Goa, the village nearby can excel with a lifetime experience in Mayem. Rural Goa is more prolific than the busy city of Panaji or nearby Mapusa or even Margoa.

Forts

1.Aguada Fort:

Agquada fort

Aguada Fort on the northern tip of the Mandovi estuary with the neerul river to the east, was the strongest of the Portuguese coastal forts, completed in 1612. A channel was excavated to make the headland an island and a large well and a number of springs, provided the fort with drinking water (agoa) as well as to passing ships. The main fortifications are still intact, particularly at the water’s edge. Seventy nine guns were placed to give the fort all round defensive fire power and the church of St Lawrence stood in the centre of the fort. A 13 m high lamp lit on the birthday of Queen Maria Pia of Portugal. During World War II German prisoners of war were interned in the fortress which later served as the Central Jail. The Taj Holiday Village, Fort Aguada and Hermitage now occupy the area and have been constructed with great architectural and environmental sensitivity.


2.Alorna Fort:

Alorna Fort

The Alorna fort is situated in the Village of Alorna which is about 30 km from Mapusa and 10 km east off NH 17 from Malpem in Pernem. It was built by the Bhonsles of Sawantwadi in the 17th century.

The fort had four guns and in the year 1746, the fort was captured by Marquis of Castello Novo (later known as Marquis of Alorna) from the Bhonsles. The possession however was short lived.

In 1781, the fort was again captured by Dom Frederico Guilherme de Souza. It was used to defend against the Maratha attacks from the north.

The fort is presently in a dilapidated condition. It is however a beautiful site to explore as it is perched on the banks of the river Chapora as it flows peacefully towards Colvale.


*Activity

  • What is the name of fort situated in tiswadi taluka?

Waterfalls

1. Arvalem Waterfall:

Arvalem waterfall



The Arvalem or Harvalem waterfalls, which cascades down from the mountains, from a height of 50 metres, is one of the most awe-amazing spots. It is situated at about 2 km from the small town of Sanquelim and 8 km from Bicholim, in North Goa.

The Arvalem Waterfall is a very scenic and beautiful picnic spot. This charming waterfall is a mind-blowing experience, with Rudreshwar Temple in its vicinity. The temple holds importance for the Hindus who believe in releasing the soul on the 12th day after death.

While leaving the temple of Rudreshwar, one can descend the staircase to look at a majestic waterfall shedding its exuberant silvery showers. The beautiful Arvalem fall, with a head of about 24 feet high, forms a sizeable lake at the bottom, which offers a sizeable temptation to seasoned swimmers.

The best time to visit this site is just after the copious monsoon when it presents a rapturous, ravishing and riotous aspect. The water flow here during the monsoon is quite less. It has a lot of greenery all round with fruit laden trees with various fruits such as bananas, bread fruits and coconut palms to name a few.

The ancient caves in the vicinity adds a touch of antiquity to this picturesque place, which finds a major attraction for the film makers as a favourite shooting spot. The Rock cut caves are just situated nearby. The Government has also developed a park from which the view of the waterfall can be peacefully relished.





2. Dudsagar Waterfall:

Dudsagar waterfall



Dudhsagar Falls (literally meaning The mihir & Chandiveera Sea of Milk दूधसागर धबधबा in marathi and konkani) ( ದೂದಸಾಗರ್ ಜಲಪಾತ in Kannada) is a tiered waterfall located on the Mandovi River in the state of Karnataka, India, on Goa's border with the state of Karnataka. It is 60 km from Panaji.

World's one of most exquisite fall lies in India.The falls lie high up in the Mandovi River's watershed and so are not particularly spectacular during the dry season. During the monsoon season however, the falls are transformed into one of the most powerful falls in India. Dudhsagar Falls is listed as India's 5th tallest waterfall,and is 227th in the world at 310 m.[1]

The water plummets hundreds of feet in large volumes during the monsoon season, forming one of the most spectacular natural phenomena in Goa. It is a major part of the Goa ecosystem.This is a four tiered waterfall with a total height of 310 meters (1017 feet) and an average width of 30 meters (100 feet).[2]







Sum Up

  • The information of Goa Tourism like History of Temples,Churches & Forts.
  • We are refering to NCERT EVS books,in that books Goa's information is not included so we prepared this module on Goa Tourism as it is important to know history of our state for students.

References

  • www.goatourism.com
  • www.google.com




Resource Team









1. Ms. Sujal Gawde


2. Mrs. Sunita Bandekar


3. Mrs. Shubhada Marathe

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